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apt-get install Package has no installation candidate

IN shang 3500浏览 0评论

说明:
当你通过apt-get安装包的时候,apt会在本地APT数据库中搜寻包。如果包可用,他就会搜寻从哪里可以下载,然后下载安装。如果包不存在APT数据库中,就会出现以下错误:

#  apt-get install <packagename>
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree... Done
Package aptitude is not available, but is referred to by another package.
This may mean that the package is missing, has been obsoleted, or
is only available from another source
E: Package <packagename> has no installation candidate

 
实现:
有2种情况会导致以上错误
一.本地APT数据库没有更新,通过apt-get update更新下本地的APT数据库,再install就可以了

# apt-get update
# apt-get install <packagename>

 
二.该包不在官方源中,这时就需要添加第三方源

# cp /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.backup //先备份下当前的源
# vim /etc/apt/sources.list //删除原来内容,添加以下源,163,sohu都可以!

 
163源

deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise main restricted
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise main restricted
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates main restricted
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates main restricted
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise universe
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise universe
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates universe
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates universe
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise-security main restricted
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise-security main restricted
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise-security universe
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise-security universe
deb http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise-security multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.163.com/ubuntu/ precise-security multiverse
deb http://extras.ubuntu.com/ubuntu precise main
deb-src http://extras.ubuntu.com/ubuntu precise main

 
sohu源

deb http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise main restricted
deb-src http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise main restricted
deb http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates main restricted
deb-src http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates main restricted
deb http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise universe
deb-src http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise universe
deb http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates universe
deb-src http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates universe
deb http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise multiverse
deb http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise-updates multiverse
deb http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise-security main restricted
deb-src http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise-security main restricted
deb http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise-security universe
deb-src http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise-security universe
deb http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise-security multiverse
deb-src http://mirrors.sohu.com/ubuntu/ precise-security multiverse
deb http://extras.ubuntu.com/ubuntu precise main
deb-src http://extras.ubuntu.com/ubuntu precise main

 
最后再更新下本地系统源

# apt-get update

 
附录:
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转载请注明:酷喃|coolnull| » apt-get install Package has no installation candidate

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